The fire is FAST! In less than 30 seconds, a small flame can become a big fire. It only takes a few minutes for the thick black smoke to fill a house or to be engulfed in flames.

The fire is hot! The heat is more threatening than the flames. The temperature of the room in a fire can be 100 degrees at ground level and increase to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super hot air will burn your lungs and melt your clothes on your skin.

The fire is DARK! The fire starts bright, but quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness.

Fire is DEAD! Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames. Fire produces poisonous gases that disorient it and make it sleepy. Asphyxiation is the leading cause of fire deaths, exceeding burns by a ratio of three to one.

Create and Practice a Fire Escape Plan Before a fire

In case of fire, remember that every second counts, so you and your family should always be prepared. Escape plans help you get out of your home quickly.

Twice a year, practice your fire escape plan at home. Some tips to consider when preparing this plan include:

Find two ways to get out of each room in case the main road is blocked by fire or smoke.

A secondary route could be a window to a neighboring roof or a folding ladder to escape from the upper windows of the room.

Make sure that the windows are not clogged, that the screens can be removed quickly and that the safety bars can be opened correctly.

Practice how to get out of the house in the dark or with your eyes closed.

Teach children not to hide from firefighters.

Read more: Get tips on answering firefighter interview questions

Learn about fires – Create and Practice a Fire Escape Plan